早期康复

已发表的临床证据表明,安全的早期活动有利于加速患者的康复1-6。Hill-Rom 的独特定位旨在为患者提供全面、整合的系列解决方案及临床支持,以帮助实现早期活动以及促进安全、高效、有尊严的护理。

制动的后果

没有定期身体活动的卧床患者有出现严重生理和心理问题的风险。  这使得其在重症护理和长期护理中表现不同,同时还会出现其他问题,如呼吸机相关性肺炎、谵妄、血栓、压疮、骨质疏松、肌肉萎缩、便秘和抑郁等7, 8。事实上,活动受限还可能导致高达 50% 的病例出现机体功能衰退5。此外,在医护人员发生的工作相关损伤中,有近一半是因搬抬患者所致9

参考文献
1.Dasta JF, et al.Daily cost of an intensive care unit day: the contribution of mechanical ventilation.Crit.Care Med.2005; 33:1266-1271.
2.Bailey P, et al.Early activity is feasible and safe in respiratory failure patients.Crit.Care Med.2007; 35:139-145.
3.Morris PE, et al.Early intensive care unit mobility therapy in the treatment of acute respiratory failure.Crit.Care Med.2008; 36:2238-2243.
4.Schweickert WD, et al.Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomized controlled trial.Lancet.2009; 373:1874-1882.
5.Titsworth WL, et al.The effect of increased mobility on morbidity in the neuro- intensive care unit.J. Neurosurg.2012; 116:1379-1388.
6.Winkelman C. Bed rest in health and critical illness: a body systems approach.AACN Adv.Crit.Care.2009; 20:254-266.
7.Cumming T. et al.2008.The effect of very early mobilization after stroke on psychological well-being.
8.Nigam Y, et al.Effects of bed rest 3: musculoskeletal and immune systems, skin and self-perception.Nurs.Times.2009; 105:18-22.
9.Brophy et al.Reducing incidence of low-back injuries reduces cost.Jul/Aug 2001.

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